See the preceding section for the new rules for those turning age 62 in Extra reduction months are applied for months in excess of The reduction factor for these excess months for spouses benefits is the same as for retirement benefits, i. Please note that if the wife is entitled because she has a child in her care Section there is no reduction for age.
A total of or less is good, suggesting a low level of stress in your life and a low probability of developing a stress-related disorder. This scale seems to suggest that change in ones life requires an effort to adapt and then an effort to regain stability.
About the Scale The scale is based on the observation that important life changes, whether positive such as marriage or negative, such as death of a close friend all induce stress. They then had a large number of men rate the stress caused by the other events in comparison to marriage.
The results were combined to create the scale. Studies show a modest correlation between the number of life-changing units experienced in the previous year with a person's health in the present year.
Specifically correlations have been shown between SRRS scores and heart attacks, broken bones, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, tuberculosis, complications of pregnancy and birth, decline in academic performance, employee absenteeism, and other difficulties.
Although the scale was originally developed and validated using only male subjects it provides useful results with both male and female subjects and it has been validated in Japanese, Latin American, European, and Malaysian populations.
Inherent Variation The stress caused by a particular stressor varies greatly from one person to the next because of the variability in the circumstances, interpretation, goalspersonalityvaluescoping strategy, and resources from one person to the next.
Therefore, although this scale is well-researched, the values are only a rough approximation at best.
Core Conceptsby Phillip G. Johnson The social readjustment rating scale, Holmes, T. Contact us at info EmotionalCompetency.
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Designed as a single resource where people can find up-to-date information to the understanding and management of their health. This Social Readjustment Rating Scale was created by Thomas Holmes & Richard Rahe, University of Washington School of Medicine to provide a standardized measure of the impact of a wide range of common stressors.
Note 1: Some scientists have suggested that the Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale is weak in certain areas. For example, some feel that different cultural groups react differently to different life events.