Research papers cuba

Ayurveda Research Papers CCA Student papers The selected papers published on our website have been written by students of the California College of Ayurveda as a part of their required work toward graduation. As the pituitary gland secretes LH and FSH, these hormones act on the follicle in the ovary and stimulate its maturation. At the ovary, estrogen and progesterone are released.

Research papers cuba

Since the victory of the Research papers cuba forces ina significant Cuban exile community has flourished in the United States, especially in South Florida. This offshore Cuban community has generated a significant volume of information during its decades of exile. Part of their output has been in English, designed for the audience in the United States, while the remainder has been in Spanish, aimed at consumption by the population of Cuba.

Similarly, the press offerings on the island, including both the government-sponsored media and those of the opposition, have been divided between those aimed at domestic and international audiences.

The press situation in Cuba is one of the most restrictive in Latin America. Over the more than four decades since the accession of the Castro government, neither freedom of expression nor freedom of the press have existed on the island.

The Castro regime maintains a monopoly on information throughout the nation, confiscating the property of independent media and maintaining a policy of constant repression.

The Nature of the Audience: Of these, 21 percent were aged69 percent were agedand 10 percent were over age The population was estimated to be growing at a rate of. The ethnic mix of the nation includes 37 percent persons of European descent, 11 percent persons of African descent, and 51 percent people of mixed races.

Despite its history of slavery, the significance of race is less of an issue in Cuban society than it is in the United States. Eighty-five percent of Cubans were nominally Research papers cuba Catholic prior to Castro coming into power. The government's figure for overall literacy is Inthe Castro-led government initiated a Literacy Campaign that claimed remarkable results, dropping the nation's illiteracy rate from nearly 40 percent to below 4 percent in a single year.

In the years since the revolution, Cuban officials have consistently placed the nation's illiteracy rate at figures of three or four percent, a rate better than that in Switzerland.

However, the Cuban definition does not conform to world standards for measuring literacy. In the Cuban model, the literacy rate describes the proportion of those persons between the ages of 14 and 44, whom the government believes capable of learning how to read, who could read and write according to a standardized Cuban test.

In the early s, when the Mariel boatlift refugees came into the United States, many of them were tested for literacy in Spanish by local school districts for the purpose of placement in the second language programs of American public schools.

The results of these tests placed their literacy rate at more plausible levels of between 70 and 80 percent.

Research papers cuba

These and other objective measures of Cuban literacy demonstrate that the efforts of the Cuban government to improve literacy have been effective, although not nearly as effective as Cuban propaganda and UNESCO sources would suggest.

General Comments The state-employed journalists of Cuba are very literally the voice of the Cuban government. Because of the severe restrictions in content as well as in style that are placed upon these writers and editors, the work is described as "a very somber and unimaginative journalism" by Dr.

Sources that were once openly available become utterly unapproachable to the independent. Likewise, publication proves elusive to the independent journalist.

Basic Data

Therefore the choice for the Cuban journalist is between a dull and highly controlled career within the state-sponsored media or a precarious and difficult one outside of that media. The most noticeable trait in journalism concerning Cuba is the omnipresent bias. On one side the bias is the pro-government slant found in the government-controlled press organs that flourish on the island and in the scattered press organs around the world that sympathize strongly enough with the Castro regime to overlook its cavalier treatment of press freedom.

These press outlets serve effectively as apologists for all Cuban government activities and sounding boards for Cuban-based criticism of the West, especially the United States.

However, the bias on the other side of the divide is equally severe.

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Given the difficulty of serving as an independent journalist inside Cuba, only those with powerful and typically anti-Castro agendas tend to endure the hardships associated with this career.

Those who would serve as impartial observers face difficulties from both directions. The Cuban government, while extremely accommodating to those members of the foreign press who they perceive as representing the "reality of Cuba," provide virtually no real access to journalists whom they do not feel they can utilize.

Political and bureaucratic opposition to objective coverage of Cuba for American journalists can make the endeavor seem not worth the effort.

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Historical Traditions Cuban journalism traces its history to an early beginning during the Spanish colonial rule, with the first Cuban press put into operation by The history of the nation's press can be divided into five periods. The first period, the Colonial, reaches from the earliest days until The second period, the time of the Independence Revolution, spans the period from to A third period, the Republican period, runs from until the overthrow of the dictator Machado in The third period, the Batista era, lasts from until The final and current epoch of the Castro era runs from the triumph of the communist revolution in up to the present.


In comparison with Spanish colonies in other parts of the world, Cuba developed a printing press at a rather late date.WHAT’S NEW? Martin Blank () July 2, Updated Research Summaries December 15, ; BioInitiative Report: Medical concerns intensify over deadly brain tumors from cell phone use/Orebro University Hospital, Sweden November 17, ; Electromagnetic Fields, Pulsed Radiofrequency Radiation, and Epigenetics: How Wireless Technologies May Affect Childhood .

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The music of Cuba, including its instruments, performance and dance, comprises a large set of unique traditions influenced mostly by west African and European (especially Spanish) music.

Due to the syncretic nature of most of its genres, Cuban music is often considered one of the richest and most influential regional musics of the world. In addition to our online resources, there are many research tools available in the library's reading room.

On-site users can access digitized primary source documents from the New-York Historical Society in Gateway to North America: The People Places, & Organizations of 19th Century New York and digitized Revolutionary War Orderly Books.

Mobilizing social science for the public good. The Social Science Research Council, an independent, international nonprofit, mobilizes necessary knowledge for the public good by supporting scholars worldwide, generating new research across disciplines, and .

The press situation in Cuba ranks as one of the most complicated in the world due to the political and physical distribution of the Cuban people.

Longitudinal and lifecourse research for children