Total price Later, Kohlberg entered the University of Chicago.
The Development of Moral Reasoning: The questions were based on a series of moral dilemmas, with follow up questions for various types of responses. Kohlberg was interested in the reasoning behind the moral judgment, not the conclusion itself. To check the reliability of the scoring of responses, Kohlberg would have multiple researchers score the same responses.
Kohlberg found the consistency of the score determination to be high among the researchers. The Six Stages Level I: Pre-Conventional Morality Stage 1: Punishment and Obedience Stage 1 is the morality of young children.
Punishment is what makes it wrong. Rules are handed down from an all-powerful authority and are to be unquestionably obeyed.
At this stage, there is no realistic concept of morality. At this stage, morality is relative to the self-interest of the deal maker and punishment is just a risk we want to avoid.
We may exchange or return favors, but only if the continued relationship is worth carrying on from a self-interested point of view. There is no sense of community or even any substantial sense of morality, just self-interest and deal making.
Conventional Morality Stage 3: Good Relationships At Stage 3, people become genuinely concerned about good intentions and the well-being of their family and friends. The circle of concern, however, does not go much beyond kin selection.
The moral community is small at this stage and is made up of those we know and trust. This stage is common in small, isolated villages and among tribal people.
This stage is also common in many nonhuman animals, such as chimpanzees and dogs. Social Order Stage 4 is about law and order, respecting authority, and maintaining the coherence of society as a whole. As we shall see more clearly after covering stages 5 and 6, this is the level at which many adults in our current industrial societies eventually arrive and stay, especially if they are not in the more aggressive careers mentioned in Stage 2.
Moral relativity degenerates into might-makes-right because it allows arbitrary judgments. If plainly arbitrary judgments are permitted at all, on what basis can we draw lines on how much arbitrariness is permitted? Certainly not consistent reason.
Stage 2 might-makes-right i. Post-Conventional Morality Post-conventional morality, particularly Stage 6, is the engine of all moral progress in civilization. By definition, post-conventional morality evaluates and challenges conventional morality from a higher and more impartial point of view.
Social and Individual Improvement and Individual Rights Stage 5 is where people start to ask what makes for right action, a good individual, and a good society, without referring to their own society as a standard.
People at Stage 5 think in terms of rights for individuals and democratic procedures in government for the improvement of laws. Universal Principles At Stage 6, universal principles of justice are the moral standard by which actions, individuals, and societies are judged.
The philosophers Immanuel Kant  and John Rawls provide the theoretical framework of impartial, universal justice of Stage 6. A Philosophical Defence written for the philosopherboth by Mark Rowlands. Briefly, the description goes like this: We are then asked to prescribe the policies or acts which would be most fair to all roles involved, knowing we could end up in any of those roles including birth as a chicken, pig, etc.
If the prescriptive policies or acts given are irrational under the veil of ignorance, then they are immoral in the real world. Two principles are salient in Stage 6: The principle of equal consideration requires us to give equal moral consideration to others to the extent that others have interests which are crucial or important to them, regardless of whether those interests are important to anyone else.Oct 01, · This essay is the second in a series of four essays on moral psychology and development.
Lawrence Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development has its roots primarily in Jean Piaget’s two-phase theory of moral judgment in children and secondarily in John Dewey’s three-stage theory of moral development.
Lawrence Kohlberg () New York, USA Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development. Kohlberg focused his development of moral judgment in children and adults using the cognitive development approach based on Piaget’s theories.
Lawrence Kohlbergs Stages of Moral Development Essay Lawrence Kohlberg conducted research on the moral development of children. He wanted to understand how they develop a sense of right or wrong and how justice is served.
Lawrence Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg conducted research on the moral development of children. He wanted to understand how they develop a sense of right or wrong and how justice is served.
Lawrence Kohlberg laid the groundwork for the current debate within psychology on moral development. He proposed that children form ways of thinking through their experiences which include understandings of moral concepts such as justice, rights, equality and human welfare/5(1).
The Criticisms of Kohlberg's Moral Development Stages Essay - The Criticisms of Kohlberg's Moral Development Stages Part One:The criticisms of Kohlberg's moral development stages seem to center around three major points, his research methods, the "regression" of stage four, and finally his webkandii.com first criticism that I would like to .